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The Pentagon Attack

The Pentagon Attack is one of the most controversial topics among skeptics of the official story of 9/11/01. This is because the attack itself was so complex, and the evidence so ambiguous, that numerous theories of the attack have proliferated.

Sites With Original Research

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Arabesque: 9/11 Truth
This discerning site has substantial analysis on the Pentagon attack and misinformation surrounding it. It provides evidence not commonly referenced in the "9/11 truth" literature, such as: 9/11 and the Pentagon Attack: What Witnesses Described.
blog9/11 news, research, and disinformation
The Science of 9/11
This site is the work of Frank Legge, PhD, who brings excpetionally clear, reasoned analysis to the subject of the Pentagon attack. Legge has been maligned by an ad-hominem campaign by aggressive promoters of "no-plane" and "fly-over" claims such as CIT and its supporters.
pages with navigationscience-based analysis
This site documents the investigation by John Farmer into the events surrounding the Pentagon attack. Farmer has submitted numerous FOIA requests regarding a broad spectrum of information about the attack, such as a body of hundreds of oral histories compiled by the Center for Military History.
blogAmerican Airlines Flight 77 and Pentagon attack
The Frustrating Fraud
This site, subtitled "The hijacking of the 9/11 truth movement by the no-757-at-the-Pentagon theory" does what few do -- take on the Pentagon no-plane/no-jetliner theory head-on and expose the errors of those promoting it.
pages with navigationanalysis of the Pentagon no-757 theory
it was a plane bomb
Eric Bart is one of the foremost researchers on the Pentagon attack. His site contains the most thorough compilation of eyewitness accounts, and his conclusion that the Pentagon attack plane exploded just before impact reconciles the eyewitness and photographic evidence of the attack.
illustrated pagesPentagon attack
Pentagon 2001/9/11 : The fraud !
This well organized site has many photos, and some crash simulations. It appears to take an unbiased position, weighing many different theories.
hierarchical documentPentagon attack
Pentagon Research
This site, before being taken down, had perhaps the most comprehensive and thoroughly sourced collection of information on the Pentagon attack. It took a scientific approach, avoiding unwarranted conclusions. The site's section on eyewitness reports is its weak link, failing to note the extent to which witness reports agree that the aircraft was a 757-like jetliner. The site's author, Russell Pickering, has been the target of ad-homenim attacks by CIT apparently due to the quality of his work.
illustrated pagesPentagon attack
Guardian provided a detailed analysis of the dimensions of the damage to the Pentagon's west block facade on 9/11/01 using photographs in this article.
collection of original and marked-up articlesWTC collapse, Pentagon attack, stand-down, Palestine
This site documented a legal struggle to obtain the videos of the crash confiscated by the FBI. The front page reproduced letters requesting information and the responses from government agencies. By the end of 2007, the site's owner, Scott Bingham, discouraged by the state of the 9/11 Truth Movement, and perhaps by the lack of success of his lawsuit in obtaining the release of the 70-plus confiscated videos, ceased to comment on the matter, and gave up the domain. Flight77.info was subsequently taken over by "debunkers".
page with updateslegal attempt to obtain videos, questioning Flight 77 crash
Flight 77 - Pentagon Event - 3d Test
Has beautiful 3-dimensional mock-ups of the supposed 757 crash. This site is the source of the famous graphic showing a gleaming silver object in the shape of a 757 on a collision course with the Pentagon. The graphic implies, if only subconsciously, that a 757 is much more solid than it is. Jean-Pierre Desmoulins, the creator of the site "Pentagon 2001/9/11 : The fraud !," accused this site's author, who signs his posts 'xox', of misleading people with the graphic. Jean-Pierre wrote of the aircraft: ".. it was not a stainless steel solid mass having the size of a 757." The graphic has appeared in numerous productions promoting the conclusion that a Boeing 757 couldn't have crashed into the Pentagon based on appeals to common belief and intuition that scientific analysis show to be incorrect.
illustrated pagesPentagon attack
Has two of the most widely referenced articles on the physical evidence from the Pentagon strike. An article on 911-strike.com undermines several of the assumptions in these articles, citing crash simulations that suggest a 757 would be reduced to very small fragments in colliding with the Pentagon's outer wall. Pages on 911Review.com dissect two key claims of the Missing Wings article: that portions of the wings should have been visible and that engine parts from the crash did not match a 757.
collection of contributed articles and discussionsevaluation of physical evidence of the 9/11 attack

Sites With Original Photographs of the Pentagon Crash Site

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Pentagon Plane Crash Photos
This page by Geoff Metcalf contains the full-resolution versions of many of the most important photographs taken of the Pentagon's west block and surroundings after the attack.
illustrated article
Pentagon Plane Crash Photos
This page on the site by crash witness Steve Riskus contains 13 high-resolution photographs of the Pentagon's west block and surroundings immediately after the attack. Three of the photos show extensive fires in front of the facade.
photograph collection

Articles by Various Researchers

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The Pentagon Attack on 9/11: A Refutation of the Flyover Hypothesis Based on Analysis of the Flight Path
This paper debunks CIT's fantastic theory that the jetliner flew over the Pentagon instead of crashing into it by disproving CIT's lynchpin claim that the plane passed north of the Citgo station. Legge and Chandler show that any flight path consistent with CIT's claim would have involved extreme bank angles and g-forces of around 10 -- clearly imposssible for any such plane, and contradicted by many eyewitness reports.
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To Con A Movement: Exposing CIT's PentaCon 'Magic Show'
This in-depth examination of CIT exposes the their methods and tactics, which appear to be unknown by most of their fans.
illustrated article
Missing Wings (Critique of)
The Missing Wings, one of the key articles on physics911.net, is a pseudo-scientific analysis of the Pentagon attack that purports to prove that a jetliner couldn't have crashed there because the wings couldn't have fit, in their intact entirety, through the breaches in the facade. The critique is a point-by-point examination of the article, noting it's divorced from the scientific method.
illustrated article
Pentagon: Why the No-757 Crowd is Making an Ass out of Itself
This article provides a detailed analysis of the evidence of the Pentagon crash, examining aircraft dimensions, damage details, crash debris, and eyewitness accounts. it refutes the no-plane claims, such as the idea that the attack aircraft was a missile rather than a jetliner. The author debunks all of the common no-757 theories, and notes the questions that the official story fails to answer.
illustrated article
A Critical Review of 'The PentaCon - Smoking Gun Version'
This may be the most thorough review of PentaCon -- a 2007 video that resurrects the idea that a jetliner flew over the Pentagon on 9/11/01 and people were somehow fooled into thinking that it crashed into the building.
illustrated article
9/11 Hoaxes: No plane hit the Pentagon
This concise summary of flaws of the Pentagon no-jetliner theory is structured as questions-and-answers. Among other things, it answers the question of why authorities have failed to release tapes showing 757.
blog post
Pentagon Attack Errors
This section of 911review.com exposes several errors in analysis of the Pentagon crash common among no-757-crash theorists.
illustrated pages
What hit the Pentagon: Remote Controlled Flight 77?
In this page, Mark Robinowitz emphasizes that the ongoing controversy about what hit the Pentagon obscures easily provable facts that point to an inside job, such as the fact that the nearly empty part of the Pentagon was targeted by an extreme aerobatic maneuver.
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The “Pod People” And The Plane That Crashed Into the Pentagon
In this article, Mike Rivero makes the case that the no-757-crash theories are part of a disinformation campaign designed to discredit the skeptics of the official story of the attack.
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The ASCE's Pentagon Building Performance Report: Arrogant Deception - Or an Attempt to Expose a Cover-up?!
This detailed analysis of the ASCE report purports to refute the idea that a 757 hit the building as described by the report.
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Pentagon -- Exterior Impact Damage
This article provides a detailed analysis of the Pentagon's facade damage using photographs. The author has added annotations to the photographs indicating the column lines.
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SMOKING GUN: The Evidence that May Hang G.W. Bush
This rundown of the Pentagon attack puts it in historical context and reaches conclusions about the nature of the attack similar to those by Eric Bart.
Pentagon Engine Debris Investigation
This article debunks the common misconception that, since the visible fan of a 757's engine is about 9 feet in diameter, then all of the parts must be of a similar diameter.
9-11 and the IMPOSSIBLE
This page by Skydrifter (Ralph Olmholt) treats the Pentagon crash and other aspects of the 9/11/01 attack.
illustrated article
NEWSLETTER #7: Special Edition: The Pentagon Attack
This analysis by David McGowan endorses the attack drone theory, largely ignoring the eyewitness evidence.
illustrated article
This long paper by Gerard Holmgren dissects the Pentagon crash using geometry and intuitive arguments to assert the impossibility that the attack plane was a 757. Holmgren makes numerous unsupported assumptions about plane crash physics, failing to acknowledge, for instance, the degree to which such an crash could reduce even a large jetliner to small debris.
text article with links
Hunt the Boeing! And test your perceptions!
This classic presentation invites the reader to find any recognizable parts from a large jetliner in photos of the Pentagon crash site that are carefully selected to avoid showing debris.
What convinced me that Flight 77 was not the Killer Jet
This and the following two articles are by Dick Eastman, apparently the first to articulate the 'two-plane theory'.
illustrated article
What convinced me that Flight 77 was not the Killer Jet, Part 2
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What convinced me that Flight 77 was not the Killer Jet, Part 3
Examines the 'star evidence' -- the scrap of aircraft skin with markings like that of an AA 757.
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Sites with Extensive Coverage of the Pentagon Attack

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911pi.com (9-11 People's Investigation)
This site hosted a number of forums on 9-11 issues. Its forums contained numerous detailed and informative articles. This site disappeared from the web in late 2003.
forums by topic9/11/01 attack and coverup
The September 11th Attack on the Pentagon
This page by Brian J. Roberts, a volunteer firefighter with Greenbelt's Volunteer Fire Department and Rescue Squad, contains a detailed description of events at the Pentagon, including those he witnessed.
illustrated page with bibliographyfirsthand description of Pentagon attack

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page last modified: 2011-09-05