Sifting Through
Loose Change

The 9-11Research Companion to
LOOSE CHANGE 2ND EDITION

A detailed point-by-point critique of the film
using an illustrated transcript

SUMMARY

VOLUME 1: TIMELINE
VOLUME 2: THE PENTAGON

VOLUME 3: THE WORLD TRADE CENTER

VOLUME 4: UNITED FLIGHT 93
VOLUME 5: ODDITIES

covering the portion of the film from 00:30:42 to 00:55:43

Which points have value?

Which don't?

Test Your Knowledge of the Attack
and Your Critical Thinking Skills

C O N T E N T S


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00:30:13
"There were explosions going off everywhere. I was convinced that there were bombs planted all over the place and someone was sitting at a control panel punching detonator buttons. There was another explosion.
...
And another.
...
I didn't know where to run."
-Teresa Veliz, working on the 47th floor of the North Tower when Flight 11 hit.
It's possible that Veliz heard bombs in the Tower triggered by the plane crash. It's also possible that she heard secondary explosions, such as from pockets of fuel vapor igniting.
00:30:39
9:59. New York City, New York. The South Tower of the World Trade Center collapses to the ground in approximately 10 seconds. 29 minutes later the North Tower follows suit, collapsing in approximately 10 seconds.
The destruction of each of the Twin Towers was rapid and systematic, but these events lasted significantly longer than 10 seconds. The destruction of the North Tower took approximately 17 seconds from start to finish, as shown by this frame analysis of the CNN broadcast video. At ten seconds into its destruction (pictured to the right) the North Tower was still more than 700 feet tall.

The use of the word "collapse" to describe what happened to the Twin Towers is not accurate, since, in reality, the Towers exploded -- catapulting debris as much as 400 feet in all directions.
00:31:00
Later that evening at 5:20, World Trace Center 7, a 47 story office building 300 feet away from the North Tower, suddenly collapses. The building's tenants included the CIA, Department of Defense, IRS, Secret Service, and Rudy Giuliani's emergency bunker. And the S.E.C. was using it to store 3 to 4 thousand files related to numerous Wall Street investigations. Although every single building surrounding Building 7 stood intact, it fell straight down, into a convenient little pile, in 6 seconds.
Loose Change passes quickly over the collapse of Building 7, noting the swiftness of the collapse, but failing to note that it showed all of the features of a controlled demolition.
00:31:34
Official explanation? Falling debris from the Twin Towers created an internal fire, which ignited several fuel tanks inside the building.
As we still await NIST's final report on Building 7, FEMA's report did suggest that the fuel tanks themselves were ignited, but that fuel pumped from the tanks burned.
00:31:44
If this is true, then it would be the third building in history to collapse because of a fire. The first two would be the Twin Towers.
No, it would be the umteen-thousandth time in history. It would be the first time in history that steel-framed high-rise buildings totally collapsed with fire blamed as the primary cause. This is one of several examples of Loose Change ruining a good point with a sloppy overstatement.
00:31:54
On July 28th, 1945, a B-52 [B-25] bomber lost in the fog crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building. 14 people dead, 1 million dollars in damage. But, the building stands intact to this day.
This incident isn't even remotely comparable of the crashes of the 767s into the Twin Towers. A 767 is about eight times the weight of a B-25, and has about fifty times the fuel capacity. The 767s crashed into the Towers at about three times the speed of the B-25. The construction of the Empire State Building and the Twin Towers is completely different.

It's surprising that the creators of Loose Change, having served in the military, made the mistake of substituting 'B-52' -- the 8-engine jet that was the backbone of the USAF's strategic bomber force for 50 years -- for 'B-25' -- the World-War-II-era 2-engine propeller plane.
00:32:10
On February 14th, 1975, a three alarm fire broke out between the 9th and 14th floors in the North Tower. According to the New York Times, the fire leads to intense scrutiny of the towers, and eventually to a decision to install sprinklers.
The 1975 fire in the North Tower was not nearly as severe as the 2001 fire.
00:32:26
On May 4th, 1988, a 62 story skyscraper in Los Angeles burned for 3 hours and spread over 4 floors. It did not collapse. On February 23rd, 1991, a 38 story skyscraper in Philadelphia, built in 1973, burned for more than 19 hours and spread over 8 floors. It did not collapse. On October 17th, 2004, a 56 story skyscraper in Venezuela, built in 1976, burned for over 17 hours and spread over 26 floors, eventually reaching the roof. Guess what? It did not collapse.
In contrast to the 2001 fires in the WTC Towers, the Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Caracas fires were all more severe and long-lasting. Apparently none of these buildings suffered serious structural damage from the fires, and all were rehabilitated.
00:33:05
On February 12th, 2005, the Windsor Building in Madrid, a 32 story tower framed in steel reinforced concrete, burned for almost 24 hours, completely eradicating the upper 10 stories of the building. Although the top 10 floors of the building fell, the building itself did not collapse.
The Windsor Building fire is of limited comparative value to WTC 1, 2, and 7 fires, because of its different construction. Whereas the WTC buildings were framed entirely in steel, the Windsor Building was framed primarily in steel-reinforced concrete.
00:33:25
And yet on September 11th, 2001, two 110 story skyscrapers, completed in 1973, burned for 56 minutes and 103 minutes respectively, over 4 floors, Before collapsing completely to the ground. One might argue, that this was due to the construction of the World Trade Center. Let's look at what was inside those buildings.

The Twin Towers were composed of 200,000 tons of steel, 425,000 cubic yards of concrete, 103 elevators, 43,600 windows, 60,000 tons of cooling equipment, and a 360-foot television antenna. The core of each tower was 87 by 133 feet, comprised of 47 box columns 36 by 16 inches thick. The North Tower was completed in 1970 standing at 1368 feet tall and the South Tower was completed in 1973 clocking in at 1362 feet tall, making them the tallest buildings in the world until the Sears Tower was completed in 1974.
[pan up the Empire State Building]
And to think, the government would have us believe that these massive structures were destroyed by 10,000 gallons of jet fuel. However, eyewitnesses, video footage, and a little common sense quickly refutes that claim.
This is a fairly accurate description of the Twin Towers contains some errors, suggesting that the core box columns were solid, and failing to note that some had cross-sections larger than 36 by 16 inches: 54 by 22 inches.

By stating that the government blames the destruction on 10,000 gallons of jet fuel, Loose Change misrepresents their explanation. Both the FEMA and NIST Reports:
  • Blame office contents, not the jet fuel, for sustaining the fires. The jet fuel's role was primarily one of ignition.
  • Blame the gravitational potential energy of the tops of the Towers, not the fires, for obliterating the Towers. The fires supposedly precipitated the 'collapses.'
Loose Change's description is more fitting of a theory once endorsed by the Wikipedia.org page Collapse of the World Trade Center:
Thus it could be said that the towers burned down, essentially, or were destroyed by fire, and that any steel of any building would have degraded in the same way.
00:34:54
The second plane hits the South Tower between the 78th and 82nd floors at 9:03 AM, barely hitting the southeast corner, the majority of the jet fuel exploding outside in a massive fireball. Yet, this Tower collapses first, even though the North Tower was hit straight on, and had already been burning for 18 minutes longer.
Although Loose Change exaggerates the fact of Flight 175's off-centered impact as "barely hitting" the building, the trajectory of the plane through the building does show that it mostly missed the South Tower's structural core, in contrast to Flight 11's centered impact with the North Tower.
00:35:28
Galileo's Law of Falling Bodies calculates the time in which an object will travel a certain distance in complete freefall. Distance, D, equals 16.08 times Time in seconds squared.
DISTANCE = 16.08 X SECONDS SQUARED
The South Tower was 1362 feet tall. 1362 equals 16.08 times 84.7. Or, 9.2 seconds.
[footage of South Tower's destruction with timer overlay]
The Twin Towers came down in nearly freefall speed.
The figure of 9.2 seconds is correct for the gravitational free-fall time for the height of the Towers' roofs. However Loose Change just gave us a blatantly erroneous figure for the total collapse times of the Towers: 10 seconds. This sloppiness obscures the existence of truly compelling arguments that the Towers' rates of fall indicate demolition.
00:36:05
200,000 tons of steel shatters into sections no longer than a couple feet long.
Loose Change ruins a good point -- that the Towers were thoroughly shredded -- by making an extreme exaggeration. Aerial photographs of Ground Zero show that many pieces were about 50 feet long.
00:36:13
425,000 cubic yards of concrete is pulverized into dust.
This is demonstrated by examining the many available photographs of Ground Zero. One will be hard-pressed to find any evidence of chunks of non-metallic materials except in photographs showing the site extensively excavated. Thus it appears that the 4-inch-thick concrete above the street level were thoroughly pulverized into fine dust.
00:36:16
Thousands of lives are extinguished instantly.
We will never know exactly how many people were killed rapidly in the progressive explosion of each Tower, but the number could be well more than half of the 2,749 officially listed as dead. Many people -- perhaps more than 1000, were trapped above the crash zone in the North Tower and historians think that most of them were dead by the time of the "collapse." The number of jumpers is evidence that all of these victims who survived the plane crashes faced horrible deaths by smoke inhalation, and as many as 200 chose to jump to their deaths.

It is striking that more than 1000 of the victims were never identified even after two years of painstaking DNA analysis of small remains.
00:36:20
So what brought down the World Trade Center? Let's ask the experts. Van Romero, Vice President for Research at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
My opinion is, based on the videotapes, after the airplanes hit the World Trade Center, there were some explosive devices inside that caused the towers to collapse. The collapses were too methodical to be a chance result of airplanes colliding with the structures.
Ten days later:
Certainly the fire is what caused the building to fail.
Why would Romero change his mind so suddenly?
Reading news stories about New Mexico Tech since 2001 shows that there were ample motives for Romero's change of heart.
00:36:48
Hyman Brown. Civil Engineering Professor and the World Trade Center's construction manager.
It was over-designed to withstand almost anything including hurricanes, high winds, bombings and an airplane hitting it ... although the buildings were designed to withstand a 150-year storm and the impact of a Boeing 707, jet fuel burning at 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit weakened the steel.
Loose Change fails to correct a common misconception that Boeing 767s are "jumbo jets" -- far larger than Boeing 707s. In fact the two aircraft are roughly the same size.
00:37:11
Kevin Ryan. Underwriters Laboratories, the company that certified the steel that was used in the World Trade Center, In a letter to Frank Gayle of the National Institute of Standards and Technology:
We know that the steel components were certified to ASTM E119. The time temperature curves for this standard require the samples to be exposed to temperatures around 2000F for several hours. And as we all agree, the steel applied met those specifications.

Additionally, I think we can all agree that even un-fireproofed steel will not melt until reaching red-hot temperatures of nearly 3000F. Why Dr. Brown would imply that 2000F would melt the high-grade steel used in those buildings makes no sense at all.

This story just does not add up. If steel from those buildings did soften or melt, I'm sure we can all agree that this was certainly not due to jet fuel fires of any kind, let alone the briefly burning fires in those towers.
Ryan's statements directly contradict statements from so-called "experts", which claim that 2000 degree heat inside the WTC caused the towers to collapse. Days after writing this letter, Kevin Ryan was fired from his position.
Loose Change includes the passage from Kevin Ryan's letter in which he mentions the theory that fire melted the steel. Debunkers have taken this out of context to suggest that Kevin Ryan was attacking a straw man argument: that the official story required the fires to melt steel. However, Ryan was merely addressing comments of Hyman Brown that "steel melts, and 24,000 gallons (91,000 liters) of aviation fluid melted the steel". Also, it is clear from the following excerpt of the same letter that Ryan was directly addressing the NIST study, not merely some early comments from Hyman Brown:
The results of your recently published metallurgical tests seem to clear things up (3), and support your team's August 2003 update as detailed by the Associated Press (4), in which you were ready to "rule out weak steel as a contributing factor in the collapse". The evaluation of paint deformation and spheroidization seem very straightforward, and you noted that the samples available were adequate for the investigation. Your comments suggest that the steel was probably exposed to temperatures of only about 500F (250C), which is what one might expect from a thermodynamic analysis of the situation.

However the summary of the new NIST report seems to ignore your findings, as it suggests that these low temperatures caused exposed bits of the building's steel core to "soften and buckle"(5). Additionally this summary states that the perimeter columns softened, yet your findings make clear that "most perimeter panels (157 of 160) saw no temperature above 250C". To soften steel for the purposes of forging, normally temperatures need to be above 1100C (6). However, this new summary report suggests that much lower temperatures were able to not only soften the steel in a matter of minutes, but lead to rapid structural collapse.
00:38:18
Not even the experts agree with each other. So what else could have caused the Twin Towers and Building 7 to collapse?
[Peter Jennings]: 10 o'clock Eastern time this morning just collapsing on itself.

[Reporter]: The second building that was hit by the plane has just completely collapsed.

[Peter Jennings]: We have no idea what caused this.

[CNN anchor]: Almost looks like one of those planned implosions.

[Chanell 8 Voiceover]: As if a demolition team set off, when you see the whole demolitions of whole buildings. It folded down on itself and it was not there anymore.

[Peter Jennings]: If you wish to bring anybody who's ever watched a building being demolished on purpose knows, that if you're going to do this, you have to get at the under infrastructure of a building and bring it down.

[Female witness]: We heard another explosion and I'm assuming that's the one that came from the lower level. Since there were two...
They were 18 minutes apart.
Well... this is, no the first, the first explosion and there was the second explosion in the same building. There were 2 explosions.

[WCBS 2 Voiceover]: Federal Agencies that were down there do believe that there was some sort of explosive device, somewhere else besides the planes hitting.
In this more complete transcript of Peter Jennings' comments, we see his co-anchor, Don Dahler, jumping in to correct him.
00:39:21
NBC's Pat Dawson is close to the scene of that attack, Pat?

[Pat Dawson]: Just moments ago I spoke to the Chief of Safety for the New York City Fire Department, the chief Albert Turi, he received word of the possibility of a secondary device, that is another bomb going off, he tried to get his men out as quickly as he could, but he said that there was another explosion which took place and then, an hour after the first hit here, the first crash that took place, he said there was another explosion that took place in one of the Towers here. He thinks that there were actually devices that were planted in the building, The second device, he thinks, he speculates, was probably planted in the building.

[Unnamed reporter]: There were two or three similar huge explosions and the building literally shook, it literally shook at the base of this building.

[NBC reporter]: First one and then the other, some say after secondary explosions.
[Male witness]: A big explosion happened, all of a sudden the elevator blew up, smoke, I dragged the guy out, his skin was hanging off, and I dragged him out and I helped him to the ambulance.

[Male witness]: We started coming down the stairs from the eighth floor. Big Explosion. Blew us back into the eighth floor.

[Male witness]: Just came out of the tunnel, and it blew.
The subway tunnel?
Yeah.

[Reporter]: So, tell us what's happening out there.
We just witnessed some kind of secondary, follow up explosion on the World Trade Center number 2.
Secondary.

We understand now there has been a secondary explosion on Tower 2.

[Harold Dow]: There was another major explosion. The building itself, literally the top of it came down sending smoke and debris everywhere.

[FOX News reporter]: We are five blocks from the World Trade Center. And, and we were standing here, when, when there was some sort of collapse, or explosion.
Do you know if it was an explosion, or if it was a building collapse?
[Police officer]: To me it sounded like, to me it sounded like an explosion...

[Male witness]: at the moment we heard a big explosion coming down. Everything it went black. Everything came down, glass started popping, people got hurt, stuff went on top of them, and there was a big explosion, and everything got dark. Real dark like smoke.

[FOX News reporter]: The FBI is here as you can see, they had roped this area off, they were taking photographs and securing this area, just prior to that huge explosion that we all heard and felt.

[Female police officer]: Get out of the area. The second Tower is coming down.
Did they tell you the second Tower is coming down?
Yes, it's about to collapse.

[Female reporter]: At 10:30 I tried to leave the building. As soon as I got outside I heard a second explosion. And another rumble, and more smoke, and more dust. I ran inside the building, the chandelier shook and again black smoke filled the air. Within another 5 minutes we were covered again with more silt and more dust. And then a Fire Marshall came in and said we had to leave, because if there was a third explosion this building might not last.

[FOX NEWS reporter]: We just saw that as well, the second Tower, the only one that was standing, Tower number one just ah we saw some kind of explosion a lot of smoke come out of the top of the Tower, and then it collapsed down onto the streets below.

[Reporter]: David Lee, what can you tell us?
John, just seconds ago there was a huge explosion and it appears right now the second World Trade Tower has just collapsed.
One eyewitness was standing among a crowd of people on Church Street, two and a half blocks from the South Tower, when he saw a number of brief light sources being emitted from inside the building between floors 10 and 15. He saw about six of these flashes, accompanied by a crackling sound before the Tower collapsed.
Ginny Carr was attending a business meeting on the 36th floor of One Liberty Plaza, across the street from the World Trade Center, and caught the entire first attack on tape. A second explosion can be heard nine seconds after the crash.
[Soundwave display]
...sounded like some crash..
This hodge-podge of accounts may contain some valuable evidence pertaining to demolition, but most of the accounts are easily explained as simply perceptions related either to the plane crashes or the 'collapses.'
00:43:29
So, what happened in the North Tower? Ask Willie Rodriguez. Willie, a janitor who worked in the World Trade Center for 20 years, was in sub-level 1 when the North Tower was hit.
And all of a sudden we heard boom!! And I thought it was a generator that blew up in the basement. And I said to myself: Oh my God, I think that's the generator. And I was going to verbalize it, and when I finished saying that in my mind, I hear boom! Right on the top. Pretty far away. So, it was a difference between coming from the basement and coming from the top. And thats ... everybody started screaming. And a person comes running into the office saying: Explosion, explosion, explosion! He had his hands extended. And all the skin was falling from under his arm. All the way to the top of the fingertips, and it was hanging from both arms. Hanging and hanging. And then I looked at his face and he was missing parts of his face. And I said: What happened? What happened? And he said: The elevators, the elevators. And then... When I..., there were many explosions, and when I actually talked about those explosions, they said that: Well, there were so many kitchens in the building. They have probably those gas canisters. And I say: I don't believe that, because the building was a class A building. They have very strict guidelines of what you can put in a kitchen. And I really doubt it was gas. So, there was a lot of misconceptions of what happened on that day in terms of the explosions. Up to today, I haven't received an actual explanation about the different explosions that I heard on the upper floors. And on the way to the top.
The Rodriguez account is easily dismissed by noting that there are many possible sources of explosions low in the building that could be triggered by the plane crash far above, such as electrical short-circuits, and explosions of vaporized fuel that had descended the elevator shafts (see next reply).
00:45:13
The windows in the lobby of the North Tower were blown out, and marble panels were blown off of the walls. This was brushed off as damage from a raging fireball that went barreling down the elevator shafts. However, the World Trade Center's core and elevator shafts were hermetically sealed, AKA, air-tight. The fire could not possibly have had enough oxygen to travel 1,300 feet down, retaining enough energy to destroy the bottom 8 floors of the building.
The explanation that a fireball caused the damage in the North Tower is in the 9/11 Commission Report:
A battalion chief and two ladder and two engine companies arrived at the North Tower at approximately 8:52.As they entered the lobby, they encountered badly burned civilians who had been caught in the path of the fireball. Floor-to-ceiling windows in the northwest corner of the West Street level of the lobby had been blown out; some large marble tiles had been dislodged from the walls; one entire elevator bank was destroyed by the fireball.
Loose Change drastically exaggerates the damage as "destroy[ing] the bottom 8 floors of the building," and dismisses the explanation that the fireball was due to the plane crashes by saying the elevator shafts were "hermetically sealed" -- an apparent reference to fire suppression dampers -- and that fire from the plane crash could not have descended from the crash zone. However, fire would not have had to descend to produce a huge fireball in the lobby. Given the quantities of jet fuel involved (10,000 gallons) it is reasonable to expect that large quantities of it, even if vaporized, would not be instantly ignited by the crash because it would be above the mixture's upper explosive limit (ie: too rich to burn). Thus fuel could have spilled down elevator shafts, and ignited only once it had mixed with enough air and encountered a source of ignition at ground level.
00:45:45
On 9-11, New York City lost 343 firefighters at the World Trade Center. Since they were the ones inside the Towers before and as they collapsed, I'd say they've got a pretty good grasp on what happened. So, what does the FDNY think? First, we have this interview from the Naudet brothers' documentary.
... What do we do? We made it outside, we made it about a block? We made it at least 2 blocks and we started running ... Boom-boom-boom-boom. Floor by floor it started popping out. It was like, as if they had detonated ... Yeah, detonated. Take out the building. Boom-boom-boom-boom. ... all the way down, I was watching it and running. And then you just saw this cloud of s___ chasing you down. Couldn't outrun it.
This excerpt from the Naudet film has been available here since late 2003.
00:46:29
In these interviews, numerous members of Engine 7 describe explosions preceding the collapses, not to mention the damage to the lobby of the North Tower.
I heard a loud boom. And my first ... I was, I was right at the desk there on the lefthand side when you come into Tower one. And I walked out, you know I didn't go out I walked to where all the doorway, where the glass was broken, and I looked out and I seen in the building across the street. I seen the shadow coming like the, I seen the shadow on a building across the street coming down.

I wasn't expecting to see the damage that I saw in the lobby. And, and the people, the bodies, the burnt people, the injured people, I really wasn't prepared for that.

The lobby was about six stories high and the lobby looked as though a bomb had exploded there. It's a ... all the glass was taken out, there were 10 foot by 10 foot, a marble panels that were once walls that were loose from the wall of the Trade Center.

I went around by the freight elevator and I could see it was just blown.
30th floor. We hear another ... explosion. And at that time we heard a huge explosion.
As noted above, the explanation that unignited jet fuel fell down elevator shafts and then ignited in the lobby is entirely plausible. Igniting a fuel-air mixture that is between the lower and upper explosive limits can produce large overpressures and great destruction. Indeed, bombs known as thermobaric devices exploit that fact, so comments by firefighters noting the appearance of bomb damage are not surprising.
00:47:50
Firefighter Louie Cacchioli told People Weekly:
I was taking firefighters up in the elevator to the 24th floor to get in position to evacuate workers. On the last trip up a bomb went off. We think there were bombs set in the building.
00:48:03
For more than a year, the Port Authority blocked the release of a tape of firefighters' transmissions from the World Trade Center on 9-11. In November 2002, the tape was finally released to the New York Times and other news outlets. Why did it take so long to get the tape released?
I got, uh, an eyewitness who said there was an explosion on floors 7 and 8, 7, 8.

Battalion 3 to Dispatch, we've just had another explosion.

... Warren Street, because of the secondary explosion. We've got numerous people covered with dust from the secondary explosion.

We got another explosion on the Tower, 10-13, 10-13.

Tower 2 has had a major explosion and what appears to be a complete collapse surrounding the entire area.

I was involved in the secondary, uh, explosion at Tower 1, Kay...
Chief Palmer had reached the fire on the 78th floor of the South Tower and devised a plan to put it out. 9:52 a.m., 13 minutes before collapse.
... Ladder 15, we've got two isolated pockets of fire. We should be able to knock it down with two lines. Radio that, 78th floor numerous 10-45 Code Ones.
If the 78th floor was a raging inferno like the government would have us believe, then Palmer wouldn't have gotten as far as he did and certainly wouldn't be able to put it out.
Chief Palmer was in the 78th floor 'skylobby' at the bottom of the crash zone, which extended from the 78th to the 84th floors. Palmer's account of "two pockets of fire" presumably only describes conditions on the 78th floor. Were there larger fires on the floors above? Photographs of the South Tower shortly before its explosion suggest there were not. Whereas broadcast video taken within the first 20 minutes of the crash show flames lapping from the northeast corner of the Tower, there are apparently no photographs or videos of the Tower shortly before 9:59 that show any visible fires.
00:49:26
On August 12th, 2005 an additional 15 hours of radio transmissions and transcripts of interviews with firefighters was finally released to the public. Firefighters describe two events consistent with the controlled demolition: bright flashes from inside the building ...
"I saw low-level flashes. [Lieutenant Evangelista] asked me if I saw low-level flashes in front of the building, and I agreed with him because I saw a flash flash flash and then it looked like the building came down."
"You know like when they demolish a building, how when they blow up a building, when it falls down? That's what I thought I saw."
--Stephen Gregory, Commissioner of the Bureau of Communications
[footage of controlled demolitions]
And a number of crackling sounds before the buildings collapsed ...
"Somewhere around the middle of the WTC there was this orange and red flash ... initially it was just one then [it] just kept popping all the way around the building and [it] started to explode."
"As far as I could see, these popping sounds and the explosions were getting bigger, going both up and down and then all around the building."
--Captain Karin deShore, Batallion 46
[footage of the Kingdome demolition]
Loose Change gives short shrift to one of the most valuable bodies of evidence to emerge in regard to the destruction of the Towers. This body of 'oral histories', consisting of more than 12,000 pages of interviews with FDNY and EMS personnel, contains detailed accounts of the sights and sounds of explosions at the onsets of each of the Tower's 'collapse.' The accounts describe more than just bright flashes and crackling sounds. David Ray Griffin describes the following features described by these witnesses.
  • Explosions
  • Collapse Beginning below the Strike Zone and Fire
  • Flashes and Demolition Rings
  • Horizontal Ejections
  • Synchronized Explosions
00:50:20
What does science have to say about the collapses? The collapse of the World Trade Center was picked up by Columbia University's observatory in Palisades, New York. The South Tower registers at 2.1 earthquake. The North Tower registers at 2.3 earthquake. Won-Young Kim told Chris Bollyn that their seismographs pick up underground explosions from a quarry 20 miles away. These blasts are caused by 80,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate and cause local earthquakes between magnitude one and two. The 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center did not even register, because it was not coupled to the ground. During the collapse, most of the energy of the falling debris was absorbed by the Towers and the neighboring structures converting them into rubble and dust or causing other damage but not causing significant ground shaking.
Science could have a great deal to say about the 'collapses' but you wouldn't know that from Loose Change, which, instead of providing any scientific analysis, trots out the long-ago-debunked claim by Christopher Bollyn that the seismic records of the events prove underground explosions. The claim is based on an easily demonstrated misinterpretation of the graphs from the Lamont-Doherty station in Palisades, NY.
00:51:08
Mark Loizeaux, the president of Controlled Demolition, Inc. told the American Free Press that in the basements of the WTC where 47 central support columns connected to the bedrock, hot spots of "literally molten steel" were discovered more than a month after September 11th. These incredibly hot areas were found at the bottoms of the elevator shafts down 7 basement levels. The molten steel was found "three, four, and five weeks later, when the rubble was being removed." He said that molten steel was also found at World Trade Center 7. The highest temperature was in the east corner of the South Tower, where a temperature of 1377 degrees Fahrenheit was recorded. The molten steel in the basement was more than double that temperature. Do you still think that jet fuel brought down the World Trade Center?
Loose Change cites only the American Free Press article, which quotes presidents of two of the companies involved in the cleanup of Ground Zero, as a source for the story that there was molten steel in the rubble. This makes it easy to dismiss the story as the product of a publication with neo-Nazi ties using as sources participants in the arguably criminal destruction of evidence. One has to look elsewhere to find more credible reports of molten steel.
00:51:56
In all the videos of the collapses, explosions can be seen bursting from the buildings 20 to 30 stories below the demolition wave. Here.
[music]
Here. Here. Here. Here. And here.
Loose Change provides some excellent footage of the so-called squibs (high-velocity dust ejections) emerging from the Towers' facades below the descending zones of total destruction, but does not provide any analysis of why these indicate demolition, or attempt to answer arguments that the ejections were merely due to floors falling inside the Towers. However, straightforward analysis shows that these events could not have been the results of gravity collapses.
00:52:56
Etienne Sauret was filming her documentary, World Trade Center: The First 24 Hours, and caught both collapses on tape. Watch carefully. The tripod shakes 12 seconds before the North Tower begins collapsing. And something is knocked off the right hand side of the building.
Perhaps the camera shook when someone walked by. And there were lots of objects, including people, falling from the North Tower because of the fires. In any case, seismic records rule out the possibility that there were significant seismic events preceding each Tower's explosion.
00:53:31
You're probably asking, if there were bombs in the building, how would they get in there without anyone noticing? Ben Fountain, a financial analyst who worked in the World Trade Center, told People Magazine that in the weeks before 9-11, There were a number of unannounced and unusual drills where sections of both the Twin Towers and building 7 were evacuated for 'security reasons'. Daria Coard, a guard in the North Tower, told Newsday that security detail was working 12 hour shifts for two weeks before 9-11, but on Thursday the 6th, bomb sniffing dogs were abruptly removed from the building.
The Ben Fountain story is notable for its lack of corroboration. The story about the pulling of bomb-sniffing dogs is interesting, but does not provide a satisfying answer to how the buildings could have been rigged for demolition. Such questions can only be answered with speculation, but there are plausible scenarios that describe how the buildings could have been prepared without detection.
00:54:05
So who authorized all this? President Bush's brother, Marvin, was Board of Directors at Securacom from 1993 until fiscal year 2000. Securacom, now known as Stratesec, is an electronic security company backed by Kuwait-American Corporation, which provided security for United Airlines, Dulles International Airport, and from the early 1990s up to the day of 9-11, the World Trade Center. Marvin is also the former director of HCC Insurance Holdings which insured parts of the World Trade Center on 9/11. More information on this was supposed to be disclosed and never was. To date the SEC has not revealed what they have learned.
Loose Change displays this page to document the point about Bush and Securacom. The story by Margie Burns cited here may have predated that.
00:54:26
If only we could examine the debris from the World Trade Center and figure out what happened. Unfortunately, Mayor Giuliani began shipping the remains off to recycling yards overseas before investigators could even examine it.
Although it took until May of 2002 for the cleanup of Ground Zero to be completed, much of the steel had been removed before FEMA's volunteer team of investigators had started its work. The plan to recycle the steel, submitted by Controlled Demolition Inc., was accepted by the city just 11 days after the attack, and the destruction of the steel proceeded over the objections of victims' families and fire safety experts.
00:54:56
Not even FEMA was allowed into Ground Zero. Essentially, they blocked off a crime scene and destroyed all the evidence.
More accurately, the team assembled by FEMA to study the 'collapses' -- the Building Performance Assessment Team -- lacked the authority and resources normally given to investigators, such as access to the crime scene, subpoena power, and adequate funding.
00:55:01
Guess who was allowed into the site? Controlled Demolition, who was also responsible for cleaning up after the Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995. It gets better than that. On July 15th, 2001. Controlled Demolition destroyed two 400-foot-tall fuel reserve tanks from the World War II era. The demolition was conducted for no apparent reason, and drew numerous complains from the neighborhood. The site remains vacant to this day and a reason for the demolition has never been disclosed.
The demolition of the tanks was contracted by their owner Keyspan Energy. By suggesting that the demolition of the tanks was suspicious Loose Change glosses over a fact that is suspicious: CDI's burying the evidence of the bombing of the Murrah Building.
00:55:30
Regardless, I think what happened to the World Trade Center is simple enough. It was brought down in a carefully planned controlled demolition. It was a psychological attack on the American People, and it was pulled off with military precision.

Continue to VOLUME 4: UNITED FLIGHT 93

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